If a diabetic, you may not even get to know and develop some kind of foot problem as the blood flow and the sensations are restricted. In order to prevent it you need to take extra care of your feet and ensure that appropriate treatment is taken. Two main conditions that diabetics face are peripheral artery disease (PAD) and peripheral neuropathy, which are responsible for the increased risk of foot problems. People who have uncontrolled blood sugar levels and do not take care of their feet may have to experience bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, fungal infections, dryness of the skin, and ingrown toenails.
Periphery Artery Disease (PAD):
Have you ever noticed your foot sore or cut not healing? Well diabetes might be hampering your blood flow to legs and arms. The signs and symptoms is often related to decreased delivery of oxygen to the lower leg and the feet. You may develop ulcers and gangrene due to shortage of oxygen.
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD):
Also known as diabetic Neuropathy, it is a condition where the foot muscles stop functioning properly because the nerves that makes the muscles work are damaged. Sensory Diabetic Neuropathy is when your legs and feet have decreased sensation which makes it difficult for the injuries to get treated. You may not be sensitized to temperature and feel any kind of pain, this may even affect the working of your feet and lead to amputation.
Other Problems Faced by Diabetics Include:
· Athlete’s foot: It’s a fungus that causes itching, redness and cracking.
· Fungal Infection: Thick, brittle and discoloration of nails are result of fungal infections.
· Calluses: It’s the build-up of hard skin usually on the underside of the foot.
· Corns: it’s the hard skin near a bony area of a toe or between the toes.
· Blisters: if your shoes are uncomfortable they might rub the same spot on your feet, it forms blisters.
· Bunions: A bunion forms when your big toe angles in toward the second toe.
· Dry skin: Dry skin can crack, which can allow germs to enter.
· Foot ulcers: A deep sore or broken skin is termed as foot ulcers and may become infected if proper treatment is not given.
· Hammertoes: A hammertoe is a toe that is bent because of a weakened muscle.
· Ingrown toenails: They occur when the edges of the nail grow into the skin.
· Plantar warts: They look like calluses on the ball of the foot or on the heel.
Proper foot Care and your doctor’s advice can help prevent further complications in treating foot problems. After all prevention’s always better than cure!