Are you more susceptible to a sudden heart attack post 45? Do heart diseases have a different effect on women?

The rate of cardiac disorders boomed in the past few decades, and the current numbers show a sudden rise in life-threatening health risks- all majorly related to heart diseases. The Heart and Stroke Foundation stated that 1 in 4 women are likely to develop a lethal cardiac disorder before the age of 60 and the condition or risk may worsen once they reach menopause.

While the whole world was under the impression that heart attacks are a “man’s disease”, a report released in 2010 identified heart disorders as the leading cause of premature death in women. In India, the Global Burden of Disease study estimated a standard CVD (cardiovascular disease) death rate of 272 in 100000 which is actually higher than the global average which is 235 per 100000 population. More alarming is the fact that heart diseases, once categorized as a senior disorder are now affecting young Indians too.

Increased Unawareness

Advanced medical assistance paired in with technology has numbed the human senses or rather made us ignorant of the visible signs of illness we come across on a daily basis. However, the primary reason for unawareness comes from the fact that women experience these symptoms late, quite possibly 5-10 years later than men would. In fact, the symptoms present themselves in a different manner and unawareness of the symptoms would definitely lead to an unprepared cardiac massacre.

Possible Names you should be aware of:

· Coronary heart disease/ Coronary Artery Disease caused primarily because of plaque buildup in the arteries

· Arrhythmia

· Sudden heart attack/ failure/ cardiac arrest

· Coronary Microvascular Disease, also known as Cardiac Syndrome X or non-obstructive CHD

· Broken Heart Syndrome or stress-induced cardiomyopathy, a condition which typically causes temporary or long-term heart muscle failure owing to excess emotional distress.

Do Women Experience Heart Disease Differently?

The consequences of heart disorders are the same in men or women. However, the onset of a cardiac disorder can be perceived quite differently in women, as compared to men. For instance, the common signs of a heart attack, such as chest tightness, pain or shortage of breath may not be common in women. In fact, women can suffer or live with a cardiac disease without experiencing any of the above symptoms. The symptoms often come in different forms, most of which we ignore or consider negligible in nature.

Symptoms You Didn’t Know Could be Possible Signs of Heart Disease in Women

  • Abdominal Pain 
    
  • Heart palpitations (rapid fluttering heartbeat) 
    
  • Swollen feet 
    
  • Constant dizziness 
    
  • Unusual fatigue and persisting nausea 
    
  • Back or jaw pain 
    
  • Pain or discomfort in the last two fingers of your left hand 

  However, this does not mean a woman can’t suffer from the basic symptoms like chest pain. In fact, doctors around the world stated that a woman is unlikely to reach the hospital at the right time since they take longer in understanding they’re having a heart attack. This is a true fact where the diversity of the symptoms often make us believe otherwise and by the time we realize, it may be too late!


                                 Know Your Body

There are multiple prevention techniques. In fact, doctors say something as serious as a CHD too is preventable, but before we move into the prevention and precaution stage, let’s completely get to know our body better. There are certain sources that promote the risk of a cardiac disorder. This can be anything from a large waistline and a protruding abdomen to high cholesterol, your family history and heredity and how well you’re connected to it and more. Often, the healthiest of us can succumb to an unknown heart disorder owing to the family history.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The very fast step to heart disease care and prevention is to ask your doctor about the varying symptoms that can point towards a brewing heart disorder in women. With their extensive knowledge, you can now alert and prepare yourself accordingly. Diagnosis of heart disorders can be accomplished through some tests, even though a single test would never be enough to guess the accurate condition if there is any.

The solutions? Stick strictly to the precautions we’ve shared below and before that- make a periodic routine with yourself and opt for periodic tests to nip such disorders at the bud.

Here’s a list of some of the tests you should opt to ensure your heart’s ticking at the pink of its health-

Consult your doctor about more periodic tests that are appropriate for your situation.

                                    Precautions

Keeping your Heart healthy

To keep your heart healthy, your body has to be healthy too and that’s where basic exercises come in. Fitness can be anything from morning jogs and yoga at dawn to training at the gym- either way you need to keep your system active and agile.

Watching what you eat for a healthy heart is what ensures your safety from sudden heart disorders. Diet should be more and more strict and nutritious as you age. Does that mean young women can keep on feasting on fast food without worrying about heart attacks? Absolutely No! A heart attack can affect any one anytime, regardless of the age.

If you’ve been diagnosed with a condition, it is your moral duty to ensure you’re up-to-date and serious about your medication routine. Proper medical drugs can, in fact, reduce risks and contain conditions as such.

It’s time for a few lifestyle changes for your own benefit- smoking, alcohol, narcotics are a surefire way to a damaged heart and dietary choices like French fries, greasy burgers, sodas, and more are no less to be blamed.