Diabetes has long been associated with eye problems, surprisingly it is the primary cause of blindness in adult’s age 20 to 74! Given below are the eye complications caused by diabetes and ways to prevent them:
Blurry Vision: High blood sugar can make your eye lens swell aiding in blurry vision.
Cataracts: Cataracts usually cloud your normally clear lens with debris. Anyone can get them, but people with diabetes tend to get them earlier.
Glaucoma: When fluid can’t drain like it should, pressure builds up inside the eye; this can damage nerves, blood vessels and cause changes in vision.
Diabetic Retinopathy: Damage to small blood vessels in your retina causes diabetic retinopathy. It’s related to high blood sugar levels. There are two types of Retinopathy in Diabetes:
· Background retinopathy: When the blood vessel damage exists, but there is no vision problem.
· Maculopathy: In maculopathy, the person has developed damage in a critical area called the macula.
· Proliferative retinopathy: In this condition new blood vessels start to grow in the back of the eye.
6 Ways to prevent eye problem:
Protecting vision as we grow older is essential to overall healthcare. Regular eye examinations are a good way to prevent and catch age-related eye problems in their earliest stages. Even better, take one or more of these preventative measures to ensure your eyesight stays sharp.
- Find out if you face an increased risk for eye disease
Many traits that increase your risk of developing certain eye diseases are hereditary. Having knowledge of your family’s medical history can help better equip your optician or doctor with relevant information that might help prevent or treat age-related eye conditions.
- Lookout for signs of changes in your vision
It’s important to monitor your eyesight and take immediate action when you notice a difference. If you experience eye swelling, pain, or flashes of light, these symptoms can be indicators of a more serious eye condition and should be addressed immediately.
- Schedule and keep regular health exams
In addition to arranging regular eye exams, it’s important to look after your general health. Certain health problems can lead to problems with your eyesight and cause vision loss if left untreated.
- Regular Exercise
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, exercising regularly could help to reduce the risk of glaucoma by 25%. Exercise can also help to manage medical conditions such as diabetes and reduce the risk of other diseases from developing.
- Protect Your Eyes against UV Rays
The sun’s UV rays can be harmful to the eyes, which is why it’s so important to wear sunglasses with good UV protection. In doing so you’ll be protecting yourself from the risk of cataracts and other vision problems.
- Maintain a Healthy Diet
Eating a well-balanced diet, especially one packed with vegetables and fruit, can help protect your eyesight. Studies have shown that foods packed with antioxidant vitamins may decrease the risk of developing or may even delay the progression of cataracts.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may have signs of eye problems when you’re diagnosed. Control your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol to slow or prevent the disease and if you smoke, try to quit. It’ll improve your eyes and your overall health.