Thyroid or the Thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the base of the neck and is responsible for the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland, which is an integral part of the endocrine system in our body, manages vital functions like metabolism, protein synthesis, hormones, heartbeat rate, and more. The thyroid gland basically ensures the organs function in harmony with each other.

The gland secretes three primary hormones, namely,

  • Thyroxine (T4), the primary hormone produced by the thyroid gland

  • Triiodothyronine (T3), the most active hormone produced by the thyroid gland

  • Calcitonin

The hormonal influences by the thyroid gland are primarily dependent on the TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone, secreted from the anterior pituitary gland. The TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce more T4 hormones.

Where can we find the thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is strategically placed below Adam’s apple in your throat with a thin tissue called the isthmus joining the two thyroid gland lobes in the middle.

Disorder of the thyroid gland usually results in overproduction or underproduction of the thyroid hormone which causes disruption in the functioning of the thyroid gland and causes health repercussions. The most common thyroid disorders can be categorized as the different types of thyroid conditions one is likely to experience.


    The different thyroid types & their symptoms?


  Causes

Thyroid can be caused by a number of factors, each factor deciding the type of thyroid disorder that’ll affect you, for instance,

Hypothyroidism is primarily caused by

On the other hand, hyperthyroidism is caused by

Other causes for thyroid may include

·         Genetic Disorders

·         Iodine deficiency

·         Certain medical surgeries

·         Cancerous tumors

·         Heredity (hypothyroidism to be specific)

·         Pregnancy


The thyroid hormone is absolutely crucial for a baby’s growth and development of the brain, nervous system, and more. In fact, the baby forming within you thrives under thyroid hormones for the initial 3-4 months, the first trimester to be precise. Eventually, the baby grows his own thyroid gland.

It is natural for pregnant women to experience thyroid fluctuations since pregnancy hormones like HCG or estrogen contribute to higher thyroid levels in your body.

Thyroid disorders during pregnancy are often hard to diagnose but with proper routine medication and self-awareness, you can have a healthy pregnancy despite your soaring thyroid levels. You may also suffer from thyroid disorders after your child’s birth, a condition we mentioned earlier, as postpartum Thyroiditis.

Effects of hyperthyroidism on the baby?

Hyperthyroidism, if not controlled at the right time, may lead to complications in the mother, such as

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Premature birth
  • Miscarriage
  • Low birth weight
  • High blood pressure, or preeclampsia

Hyperthyroidism may also affect the baby in certain ways, for instance,

  • Rapid heart rate which can end up in heart failure
  • Poor weight gain
  • Irritability
  • An enlarged thyroid which may press against the windpipe and cause breathing difficulty in child

How does Hypothyroidism affect the mother?

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism almost have the same effects where the mother might risk complications like anemia, congestive heart failure, miscarriage, stillbirth, preeclampsia, and more.

Tests To Check your Thyroid

Your thyroid tests are primarily done through a blood test where the blood can reveal the amount of thyroid hormone in your blood and whether it is functioning up to its full potential. These tests can also determine the type of thyroid disorder you're suffering from. The most common thyroid tests include

T3, T4, TSH, and T3RU

Prevention

Speak to your doctor or diagnostic center about blood withdrawal rules and limitation. Usually, thyroid medications, in the form of beta-blockers, anti-thyroid medicines, and more should be consulted before consuming if you’re pregnant. Routine medication is crucial to keep your thyroid levels stable. To make sure you never miss a dose, sign in with online pharmacies with free home delivery offers to help you keep up with your medical requirement.

The best way to prevent a thyroid problem from growing out of proportion is to opt for periodical thyroid diagnostic tests to ensure your levels are stable. Practicing proper diet for healthy thyroid functions along with home care and precautions can help you keep your thyroid in check. Simultaneously, it is necessary that you stay serious to your medication routine.