Blood plays an integral part in your diabetes, as an overall measurement of blood sugar, A1C helps to determine your diabetes and understand its level. Usually diabetes depends on urine tests or daily finger sticks to measure blood glucose but with A1C test monitoring glucose over time, it results in better efficiency and greater control over the disease.

What is the A1C test?

A1C test is also known as hemoglobin test useful in screening and diagnosing diabetes and pre-diabetes in people.

The hemoglobin A1C test may be used to screen and diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes in adults, also known as HbA1c and glycohemoglobin test, it’s considered the primary test for diabetes management and research. The test became available in 1980’s and is used to provide information of the average blood sugar levels for the past 3 months.

How does it work?

The A1C test is based on the attachment of glucose to hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells which carries oxygen and measures the sugar levels for previous months, calculating the results in percentage. The higher the percentage, higher would be the person’s blood glucose levels. For those who do not have diabetes, a score of less than 5.7% is considered normal, while 5.7% to 6.4% indicates pre-diabetes and 6.5% or higher means you have diabetes.

Can the A1C test be used to diagnose type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes?

It is used to check the amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin cells which usually regenerates and die in a span of 3 months and is enough to measure the amount of glucose attached for the said 3 months. Blood sugar varies throughout the day depending on the time of the day, activity levels and the hormonal changes, A1C test is considered a safe way to measure your sugar levels and doesn’t require fasting and the blood can be drawn at any time of the day.