Diabetes Mellitus commonly referred as diabetes is a chronic lifetime condition, in which there is high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Human body breaks down sugar and carbohydrates into glucose that fuels cells of your body. But the cells need insulin, a hormone in your bloodstream in order to take in glucose and use it for energy.
With diabetes mellitus, either your body doesn’t make enough insulin, it can’t use the insulin it produces, or a combination of both. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications including heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.
Some common Symptoms of Diabetes are:
· Increased hunger
· Increased thirst
· Increased urination
· Sudden weight loss
· Extreme fatigue
· Blurred vision
Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
1. Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a result from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
People who have type1 diabetes may experience their own body’s immune system attacking their own body’s insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain environmental factors, such as viruses, may trigger the disease.
2. Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90–95% cases. Also known as “non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”.
It begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop and is a result of excessive body weight and not being physical active.
3. Gestation Diabetes:
Gestational diabetes is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood-sugar levels.
Gestational diabetes is a form of type 2 diabetes, usually temporary, it usually develops during the third trimester of pregnancy. After delivery, blood sugar (glucose) levels generally return to normal, although for some it might develop into Diabetes if extra care and importance is not given at the onset of Gestation Diabetes.