What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is the butterfly shaped small gland located in your neck, below and behind the Adam’s apple and their main function is to determine the metabolic process of the body’s organs.

Different types of Thyroid?

1. Hyperthyroidism:

There are majorly two types thyroid, when the thyroid glands produces too much of metabolism regulating hormones it is termed as hyperthyroidism.

Some of the common causes that leads to hyperthyroidism in the systems are the following:

· Grave’s disease: The production of too much thyroid hormone.

· Toxic Adenomas: Chemical balance is destroyed when hormones are excreted due to the development of nodules in the thyroid gland.

· Subacute Thyroiditis: Due to inflammation the glands leak excess hormones.

· Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland: hyperthyroidism can be a result of such condition, but it is rare.

2. Hypothyroidism:

This condition is also known as underactive thyroid, as the glands are not able to produce sufficient amount of hormones which leads to insufficient amount of energy levels for your body. Hypothyroidism is more common in women as compared to men and special attention needs to be given when pregnant, it might get worse as you age.

The major causes can be determined as stated below:

· Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: The body attacks thyroid tissue. The tissue eventually dies and stops producing hormones.

· Removal of the thyroid gland: Chemically destroyed or surgical removal of the thyroid gland.

· Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide: Certain medication used for heart, cold and sinus or the contrast dye used before x-rays might expose you to higher amounts of iodine.

· Lithium: This drug has also been implicated as a cause of hypothyroidism.

If you ever had thyroid problems you may have higher chances of developing hypothyroidism.